Skip to main content


Fig. 2 | Bioelectronic Medicine

Fig. 2

From: Neurorestorative interventions involving bioelectronic implants after spinal cord injury

Fig. 2

Neuromodulation strategies to engage circuits above the lesion after SCI. Neuromodulation therapies have been delivered to the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) using deep brain stimulation (DBS) in order to facilitate locomotion. Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) has been applied for extensive periods of time daily to promote the growth and sprouting of corticospinal tract fibers. Finally, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been applied to augment motor learning and plasticity during motor rehabilitation

Back to article page